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UDC 341.01

 

To the Issue of Coercive Measures Applicable to Legal Persons in Latvia

 

Pavel N. Biriukov

 

Voronezh State University, Russian Federation

394033, Voronezh, Universitetskaja, pl. 1.

Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor.

E-mail:

 

     Abstract 

     The article deals with the coercive measures applicable to legal persons in Latvia. A number of national instruments, which measured criminal liability of legal persons, is given. In particular, it analyzes the provisions of the Criminal Code and Criminal Procedure Code of Latvia. The main attention is paid to the description of the existing types of coercive measures and to the order of their using.

     Keywords: Latvia; Criminal Code of Latvia; Criminal Procedure Code of Latvia; legal entities; criminal liability of legal persons; coercive measures applicable to legal persons

 

     Introduction  

     The basis for the use of coercive measures to legal entities in Latvia are the provisions of the Criminal Law of Latvia (hereinafter - the Criminal Code, CC) [1]. According to Article 12 of the CC, the person who committed the crime, acting in the interests of the legal entity of private law [3], because of lack of supervision or control by a legal entity should be prosecuted. That is interesting to note that according to Part. 1, Article 3 of the Criminal Code in cases expressly provided by law, a person can be convicted of a crime and punished also by a prosecutor who makes an injunction. 

 

      Materials and methods  

      The main sources for writing this article became the official documents of the EU and Latvia, materials of the journal publications and archives.

      The study used the basic methods of cognition: the problem-chronological, historical and situational, systemic and the method of comparative law. Author's arguments are based on problem-chronological approach. The use of historical and situational method allows to reproduce assessment approach to the problem of the Latvian criminal liability of legal entities. Method of comparative law defines the difference in views on actual international legal and domestic rules on corporate liability. A systematic method does achieve a variety of disciplines (criminal law, criminal procedure, international law) accessible and comparable, as present is determined by the past and the future - by the present and the past.

 

      Discussion. ...

 

      Conclusion  

Hence, the provisions of the Latvian legislation could bring legal persons to criminal liability that meets the requirements of international law. Latvia's experience in this area is subject to careful study, as in the Russian Federation there is no criminal liability of legal entities.

 

      Примечания:

1. Kriminālkodekss Latvijas // URL :http: //www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=88966

2. Kriminālprocesa likums // URL : http: //www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=107820

3. URL : http://www.doingbusiness.org/law-library/latvia

4. Krastiņš U., Liholaja V., Niedre A. Krimināltiesības. Sevišķā daļa. Rīga: TNA, 2009.

5. Mežulis D. Īpašuma krimināltiesīska aizsardziba. Rīga: Turība, 2006.

6. Рейнгольд В. Современные аспекты уголовно-правовой регламентации конфискации имущества // Administratīvā un kriminālā justīcija. 2014. N 1. Rīga: BSA, pp. 62-67.

7. Rekhovskiy A. Some Aspects of Fight Against Money Laundering in International Law and National Criminal Law // Zhurnal grazhdanskogo i ugolovnogo prava. 2015. Vol. (3). Is. 1.  pp. 17-22.

 

      References:

1. Kriminālkodekss Latvijas // URL : http: //www.likumi.lv/doc. php?id=88966

2. Kriminālprocesa likums // URL : http: //www.likumi.lv/doc. php?id=107820

3. URL : http://www.doingbusiness.org/law-library/latvia

4. Krastiņš U., Liholaja V., Niedre A. Krimināltiesības. Sevišķā daļa. Rīga: TNA, 2009.

5. Mežulis D. Īpašuma krimināltiesīska aizsardziba. Rīga: Turība, 2006.

6. Reingold V. Sovremennye aspekty ugolovno-pravovoy reglamentacii konfiskacii imuschestva // Administratīvā un kriminālā justīcija. 2014. N 1. Rīga: BSA, pp. 62-67.

7. Rekhovskiy A. Some Aspects of Fight Against Money Laundering in International Law and National Criminal Law // Zhurnal grazhdanskogo i ugolovnogo prava. 2015. Vol. (3). Is. 1.  pp. 17-22.

 

 

УДК 341.01

 

О принудительных мерах уголовно-правового характера, применяемых к юридическим лицам в Латвии

 

Павел Николаевич Бирюков

 

Воронежский государственный университет, Российская Федерация

394000, г. Воронеж, Университетская пл., 1

Доктор юридических наук, профессор

E-mail:

 

     Аннотация. В статье исследованы вопросы принудительные меры, реализуемые в уголовно-процессуальном порядке в отношении организаций частного права в Латвии. Исследовано большое число норм права, которые регламентируют вопросы уголовной ответственности юридических лиц.  Большое внимание уделяется изучению принудительных мер и порядку их применения.

     Ключевые слова: Латвия; УК Латвии; УПК Латвии; юридические лица; уголовная ответственность юридических лиц; меры уголовно-правового характера, применяемые к юридическим лицам.

 




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